Food Safety and Standards Authority of India(FSSAI) is an autonomous body under the ministry of Health of Family Welfare, Government of India. FSSAI has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act , 2006 which consolidates various acts to secure the laws relating to food and to set up science-based norms for food to control their production, stockpiling, conveyance, deal, and import, to ensure the accessibility of nourishment for human utilization and other food-related issues.
FSSAI has launched a Food Safety Compliance System (FoSCoS), wef 1st June 2020. It has replaced the existing system. To run a food business it is mandatory to get a FSSAI license.
FSSAI registration is mandatory for all the entrepreneurs who are involved in the food business. Even if you are a manufacturer, trader of food packages, or restaurant business, it is important to get the 14 digit FSSAI registration number.
FSSAI license and registration both vary with each other on the basis of size and nature of the business. Food business operators(FBOs) are required to obtain the Food License to run their business legally.
Note: If you are a manufacturer of food products, it has to be ensured that the FSSAI license number is printed on the food packages.
Importance of FSSAI Registration
In India, all the food businesses have to follow certain standards and guidelines according to The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006. Licences are provided according to the turnover of the FBOs. The first and foremost thing you need to do is to check whether you are eligible for the license or not. According to the act,
Company having turnover below Rs. 12 lakhs, needs only a registration
Company with a turnover of more than Rs. 12 Lakhs, needs a license
Importance of FSSAI includes;-
It ensures that the food is chemically verified and safe to consume. “Health before Wealth” is a common concept. The Food business is defenseless against numerous allegations of food contaminated and utilization of cheap, unsafe products. Food license shields your food business from such allegations. Food license is a proof of the way that your food is protected and is completely palatable with no wellbeing results.
After getting certified , it helps your nosiness to grow. You can market the license to gain trust and satisfaction of the customers. Not only customers, but you will also gain investors and partners. It will make your company more reliable.
Apart from reliability and assurance , it assures that the food is of high standards. While conducting food verification quality verification is also conducted, this ensures the high standard of your food product that ultimately leads to customer satisfaction.
Food license is obtained right after the verification. Every ingredient used in the product has been chemically tested. This ensures that the manufacturing of your food product is going in the right direction.
Who Needs An FSSAI License?
Get your FSSAI License
Procedure for Food License Registration
FSSAI license or registration depends on the business volume and premises. It relies upon the capacity or turnover that a candidate premises is qualified for the license, for example, central license, state license, registration, railways and so on. Following are the strategy of FSSAI registration:
STEP 1:- It is started by the submission of Form A (application) to the food and safety department.
STEP 2:- The department may accept or reject the application within 7 days from the application date.
STEP 3:- On the chance the application gets accepted, the department will grant the registration number along with the photograph of an applicant.
STEP 4:- Noticeably, FBO should show the certificate of registration at the place of business during the business hours.
Requirements of FSSAI Registration
Registration of FSSAI is the basic license required for all the FBOs engaged with small scale food business. This classification is required for the following organizations:-
FBO having annual turnover of 1 lakhs or less.
Person who manufactures or sells any food item by itself.
Temporary stall holder.
Person who distributes food in any religious or social gathering except a caterer.
Small scale or cottage industries
Food production capacity (other than milk and meat)
Up to 100 kg/ltr per day
Procurement, handling and collection of milk
Up to 500 ltr per day
2 large animals or 10 small animals or 50 poultry birds per day or less
Types of FSSAI Registration
FSSAI Licensing system can be broadly classified into 3 categories:-
FSSAI Basic Registration Every entrepreneur can opt for the basic registration. A businessman having turnover of upto 12 lakhs can go for this registration. FBOs can opt to register their business with the basic license if they are a small sized food product manufacturer, marketer, storage unit holder, retailer or distributor.
FSSAI State License FBOs that are not covered under schedule 1 of FSS Regulations, 2011 along with having a turnover of 12 lakh to 20 crore rupees must have state food license. Exception:- All gains, cereals, pulses milling units should have the state fssai license irrespective of their turnover.
FSSAI Central License FBO having turnover of 20 crore or more are mandatory to have FSSAI Central License. Also FBOs operating in more than one state and covered under schedule 1 of FSS Regulations, 2011 should have central license.
Copy of Rent agreement and NOC from the landlord( if rented)
Documents Required for State/Central FSSAI License
List of proprietors/ executive members/ partners along with their name and address.
Passport size photograph of an applicant
Copy of property papers (If owned)
Copy of Rent agreement and NOC from the landlord( if rented)
Partnership deed/ MOA/ AOA of the firm
NOC from manufacturer (in case of a distributor)
Source of raw material
NOC from municipality or local body
E code document from DGFT
Certificate from ministry of tourism
Food safety management system plan or certificate
Recall plan wherever applicable.
Form B duly completed and signed.
Benefits of getting FSSAI FosCOs License
Creates awareness among the customers.
Helps in building goodwill of the company
Set down based science principles.
It can assist in business expansion.
It helps in the regulation, manufacture, storage, distribution and sale of the imported goods.
It is also compatible with the international business.
It facilitates food safety.
File an application form B along with the documents required and fees.
You will get a unique reference number and unique application ID, in case of no response FBO may start the business after 60 days.
Authorities will examine and inspect the premises after receiving the application and will issue the inspection report. If no inspection was done or no report published within the time prescribed, then FBO may start the business after 60 days.
Licenses will be granted within 60 days of all the formalities.
Any enlisted or authorized person needs to hold fast to the standard and guidelines of the FSSAI under FSS act, 2006. An officer has been allotted to inspect the premises of FBO to ensure whether they are following the guidelines or not. They usually inspect using a checklist. Their checklist contains:
Partial compliance (PC)
Not Applicable (NA)
Based on the above officer might take further action, for example sending improvement notice. If the operator fails to comply with the improvement notice, then after giving the licensee a show cause notice an office may cancel his license. Any food business operator aggrieved by an improvement notice can appeal to the State Commissioner of Food Safety. The decision thereon can be challenged through appealing to the Food Safety Appellate Tribunal/High Court.
Penalties for non-compliances
Quality of the Food not in Compliance with the Act
2 Lakh Petty manufacturer – 25,000/-
Degraded Food standard
Misleading advertisement & false information
Fails to comply with direction of the Food safety officer
Extraneous food matter
Unhygienic manufacturers or processing
Renewal of FSSAI
As License is the heart of the business, similarly to keep your business running without any hustle it is mandatory to renew your license in due time. Normally, the license is issued for the period of 1 year or 5 year. So the business must apply for renewal before 30 days of the expiry of the license.
FSSAI has also introduced the digital system for an application named Food Licensing and Registration System (FLRS) for the convenience of the FBOs. The FLRS is utilized in five Regional Offices for the issue of licenses and entitlements. They are:
Northern Region - New Delhi
Eastern Region - Kolkata
North Eastern Region - Guwahati
Western Region - Mumbai and Kerala
Southern Region - Chennai
Penalty for non- renewal of FSSAI
If by any chance any businessman fails to renew their license within the time prescribed by the authorities, then late fees of Rs 100 per day for each day of delay would be fined.
For Every business operator it is mandatory to obtain the FSSAI License or Registration depending upon their size and nature. Whether they are transporter or manufacturer or distributor or caterer everyone has to get the FSSAI license/registration and it is mandatory to work under the FSSAI Guidelines to protect themselves from any penalty.
If anyone is running or interested in running a food business, they cannot run without getting a License from the FSSAI. Otherwise they will be clenched with the penalties applicable, which is a crucial offense.
We, Professional Utilities, are ready to help to protect you from all the penalties and help you in guiding the correct path to reach towards your goal.