UN Mark : IIP Certification for Hazardous Goods Packing
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IIP UN MARK CERTIFICATE PROCESS FOR REGISTRATION, FEES & DOCUMENTS REQUIRED

Updated on July 11, 2022 01:38:52 PM

IIP Certificate, also known as the UN certificate, is required under the common regulations for the transportation of Hazardous products either by Sea, Air, or Road for the United Nations member countries. In India, it is issued by the Indian Institute of Packaging, an autonomous body set up under the aegis of the Ministry of Commerce & Industry that has been authorized as a nodal agency to conduct the various performance tests & issue the UN Certificate. A large number of Industries across the country require the free flow of transportation of dangerous products internationally.

UN certificate is a mandatory certification for packages that fall under the Hazardous & dangerous category by Sea or Air from India. The Packaging certified for utilization of DG shall be examined by the shippers before these are used. The certified Packaging shall have a UN Mark as indicated in the certificate to ensure that only certified packages are being loaded. It is a goods category-wise certificate valid for a limited period (max 18 months), Subject to fulfillment of certain conditions.

The certificate is only issued to the Packaging Manufacturer of the hazardous & dangerous goods, not the exporter of the goods. The packaging manufacturer must make separate applications for Sea & Air carriers.


  1. What is a UN Mark IIP Certificate ?
  2. Documents Required for IIP Certificate
  3. Procedure of UN (IIP) Certification
  4. Types of Packaging Materials
  5. Advantages of UN Certificate for Packaging
  6. Fees of UN Mark Certification
  7. Testing Parameter for Packaging material
  8. Frequently Asked Questions

UN IIP Certificate [Sample]

UN IIP Certificate [Sample]

What is a UN Mark IIP Certificate ?


UN certificate is a mandatory certification for packages that fall under the Hazardous & dangerous category by Sea or Air from India. The Packaging certified for utilization of DG shall be examined by the shippers before these are used. The certified Packaging shall have a UN Mark as indicated in the certificate to ensure that only certified packages are being loaded. It is a goods category-wise certificate valid for a limited period (max 18 months), Subject to fulfillment of certain conditions.

The certificate is only issued to the Packaging Manufacturer of the hazardous & dangerous goods, not the exporter of the goods. The packaging manufacturer must make separate applications for Sea & Air carriers.

Advantages of UN Certificate for Packaging

Documents Required for IIP Certificate


Documents required for IIP Certificate

  • GST Registration Certificate
  • Import Export Code
  • Permanent Account Number (PAN)
  • Certificate of Incorporation (if applicable)
  • MOA & AOA or Partnership deed (if applicable)
  • Identity proof of Authorized person (can be more than 1)
  • Email ID & Phone number of company & Authorized person
  • ISO Certificate(optional)
  • Copy of Canceled cheque
  • MSDS certificate of the goods
  • Severity as per Packaging Group I, II, III
  • Type or State of product to be shipped Solid, liquid, Gas
  • Exporter’s Name
  • Quantity of sample for testing

Procedure of UN (IIP) Certification


Step 1: Application

An online application must be made on the IIP portal with all the relevant information & documents.

Step 2: Payment

At the time of application, payment details must be updated on the portal with information like mode of payment, Cheque no, and UTR number as applicable.

Step 3: Packaging material Testing

The sample must be sent to the IIP office either at Mumbai or Chennai Lab for testing on certain packaging parameters. The sample can be sent using courier, transport, customer & marketing. The sample will be retained for 30 days after testing.

Step 4: Certificate Issuance

Generation of UN Marking Number as specified. Issuance of Test Report & UN Certificate by the department.


Types of Packaging Materials




Documents required for IIP Certificate

Under IIP for UN Certification, certain packaging material can be tested:

  • 1A1 – Metal Drums & Barrels (Non-Removable Head Type).
  • 1A2 – Metal Drums & Barrels (Removable Head Type).
  • 1H1 – Plastic Drums & Barrels (Non-Removable Head Type).
  • 1H2 – Plastic Drums & Barrels (Removable Head Type).
  • 1G – Fiberboard Drums (Removable Head Type).
  • 3H1 – Plastic Jerrican.
  • 4C1 – Wooden Box.
  • 4D – Plywood Box.
  • 4G – Corrugated Fibre-board Box.
  • 5H3 – Woven Sack Bags.
  • 5M2 – Paper Bags.
  • 6HA1 – Plastic & Steel Composite Drums & Barrels (Non-Removable Head Type).
  • 13H3 – FIBC – Flexible Intermediate Bulk Container (Woven Jumbo Bags).
  • 31HA1 – IBC Tanks – Intermediate Bulk Container (1000 Litre Capacity Plastic Tank with Steel Cage and Wooden or Steel Plastic Pallet).

Advantages of UN Certificate for Packaging


  • Eases & enhances the international acceptance of industrial packaging.
  • Custom-made packages for Dangerous Goods as per Industry Standards.
  • Facilitates air & sea transportation for the handling of dangerous & hazardous goods by International routes.
  • Strengthen the quality & standardization of industrial goods packaging.
  • It is a mandatory requirement for UN Member countries. It ensures that the imported product is properly packed & secured during the shipment to survive the harsh conditions.

Fees of UN Mark Certification

Fees for UN certificate for Packaging

Sr. No. Packaging Material Fee (₹)
1 Metal Drums/ jerry Cans
(Open Top & Narrow Mouth)
13650
2 Plastic Drums/ jerry Cans
(Open Top & Narrow Mouth)
14600
3 Fiberboard Drum 12850
4 UN Certification of Cross Limitation/ Co-extruded bags 13200
5 Woven Sacks 14350
6 3-Ply Multiwall Paper Bags 12850
7 Corrugated Fiberboard Boxes 12850
8 Wooden Boxes 11700
9 Plywood Boxes 11700
10 Composite Packages
(MS Drum & Plastic Container)
16650
11 Composite Packages
(Corrugated Fiberboard Drum & Plastic Container)
15850
12 Composite Packaging
(CFB Box & Plastic Container)
15850
13 Composite Packaging
(Plywood Box & Plastic Container)
14700
14 Composite Packaging
(Wooden Box & Plastic Container)
14700
15 Plywood Intermediate Bulk Containers 18450
16 Flexible Intermediate Bulk Containers (FIBC) 18350
17 UN Certification of Fiberboard Intermediate Bulk Container
(with wooden pallet type and base woven FIBC inside)
17600
18 UN certification of Composite IBC (for Liquids)
(inner rigid plastic receptacle and outer metal structure)
17600
19 UN certification of Composite IBC (for Solids)
(with inner Flexible Plastic Bag & Outer Metal)
19200

IIP Certificate Validity

The validity of the UN certificate is 18 months for ISO certified manufacturers & 9 month for non-ISO certified manufacturers.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is CEPA/CECA different from FTA?

A Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) or Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) is different from a traditional (FTA) Free Trade Agreement in two ways.

Firstly, CEPA or CECA are more comprehensive and ambitious than an FTA in terms of coverage of areas and the type of commitments. While a traditional Free Trade Agreement focuses mainly on goods; a CECA/CEPA is more ambitious in terms of a holistic coverage of many areas like services, investment, competition, government procurement, disputes etc.

Secondly, CEPA/CECA looks deeper at the regulatory aspects of trade than a Free Trade Agreement. It is on account of this that it encompasses mutual recognition agreements that cover the regulatory regimes of the partners. An MRA recognises different regulatory regimes of partners on the presumption that they achieve the same objectives.

Why are almost all the countries signing FTA's?

Countries negotiate Free trade Agreements for a number of reasons:

  • By eliminating tariffs and some non-tariff barriers Free trade Agreement partners get easier market access into one another's markets. Countries negotiate FTA's for a number of reasons.
  • Exporters prefer Free trade Agreement's to multilateral trade liberalization because they get preferential treatment over non-Free trade Agreement member country competitors. For Instance in the case of ASEAN, ASEAN has a Free trade Agreement with India but not with Canada. ASEAN's custom duty on leather shoes is 20% but under the Free trade Agreements with India it reduced duties to zero. Now assuming other costs being equal, an Indian exporter, because of this duty preference, will be more competitive than a Canadian exporter of shoes. Secondly, Free trade Agreement's may also protect local exporters from losing out to foreign companies that might receive preferential treatment under other FTAs.
  • Possibility of increased foreign investment from outside the Free trade Agreement. Consider 2 countries A and B having a Free trade Agreement. Country A has a high tariff and large domestic market. The firms based in country C may decide to invest in country A to cater to A's domestic market. However, once A and B sign a Free trade Agreement and B offers a better business environment, C may decide to locate its plant in B to supply its products to A.
  • Such occurrences are not limited to tariffs alone but it is also true in the case of non-tariff measures. Especially when a Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) is reached between countries A and B. Some experts are of the view that slow progress in multilateral negotiations due to complexities arising from a large number of countries to reach a consensus on polarizing issues, may have provided the impetus for FTA's.

How is India placed globally in terms of its bilateral FTAs/PTAs/ CEPAs/CECAs

India has preferential access, economic cooperation and Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with about 54 individual countries. India has signed bilateral trade deals in the form of Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) / Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) / Free Trade Agreement / Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) with some 18 countries. India is a late & cautious, starter in concluding comprehensive PTA covering substantially all trade with some of its trading partners.

What are (ROO) Rules of Origin ?

Country of origin / Rules of origin (ROO) are the criteria needed to determine a product for purposes of international trade. Their significance is derived from the fact that duties & restrictions in several cases depend upon the source of imports.
Rules of origin are used:

  • to implement measures and instruments of commercial policy such as antidumping duties and safeguard measures;
  • to determine whether imported products shall receive most-favored-nation (MFN) treatment or preferential treatment;
  • for the purpose of trade statistics;
  • for the application of labeling and marking requirements; and
  • for government procurement.

What are some of the criteria used in the (RoO) rules of origin?

The criteria in the (RoO) rules of origin sets out specific & detailed conditions on the level of processing that an imported item from a non Free Trade Agreement partner country must undergo in the Free Trade Agreement partner country (or other eligible countries in the region) before being eligible to be called an originating product of a Free Trade Agreement partner country. Some of the common standards used are :-

  • change in tariff class (this could be at the tariff chapter, tariff heading or tariff sub heading level)
  • regional value addition
  • substantial processing or manufacturing by excluding some minimal operations.

Who are the authorized agencies in India for issuing the certificate of origin?

The authorized agencies in India for issuing the certificate of origin are listed in Appendix 35 of the Handbook of Procedures Vol-1 under the Foreign Trade Policy.

These are:

Agreement Agencies authorized to issue Certificate of Origin
Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA) Export Inspection Council (EIC); Export Development Authorities; Development Commissioners of EPZs and SEZs; FIEO
Global System of Trade Preferences (GSTP) EIC for all products; Tobacco Board, Guntur for tobacco and tobacco products
India Afghanistan PTA EIC
India ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement EIC
India Chile PTA EIC
India JAPAN CEPA EIC
India Mercosur PTA EIC
India Singapore CECA EIC
India South Korea CEPA EIC
South Asian Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) EIC

What are the four methods of supply under trade in services?

The four methods of supply –

Method 1: Cross border supply (supply from the territory of a Party into the territory of the other Party). For Instance an architect can send his architectural plan through electronic means; a lecturer can send teaching material to students in any other country; a doctor sitting in France can advise his patient in India through digital means. In all these cases, trade in services takes place and this is equal to cross-border movement of goods.

Method 2: Consumption abroad ( consumption in the territory of a Party by the service consumer of the other Party). For Instance a tourist using hotel or restaurant services abroad; a ship or aircraft undergoing repair or maintenance services abroad.

Method 3: Commercial presence (by a service supplier of a Party, through commercial presence in the territory of the other Party). In this case, the service supplier establishes a legal presence in the form of a representative / branch office / joint venture / subsidiary in the host country & starts supplying services. For Instance a bank opens its branch in another country.

Method 4: Presence/movement of natural persons (by a service supplier of a Party, through presence of natural persons of a Party in the territory of the other Party). For Instance Independent service suppliers (e.g. doctors, engineers, individual consultants, accountants, etc.) who provide services in another country. However, GATS covers only temporary movement & not citizenship, residence or employment on a permanent basis in the foreign country.

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