FSSAI Central License is required by all the Food Business Operators (FBOs) which are having their units in more than one state. Basically, they are large size businesses and are spread over various states or nations like McDonald's, Subway, Domino's and so on. These food businesses have an annual turnover of more than ₹20 crores. FBOs like importers, large producers, administrators in central government agencies are qualified for issuance of Central Food License. Food businesses operating in at least 2 states need to apply for one Central License for its Registered Head Office and separate registration or license for all branches according to the eligibility criteria relevant to them. The validity of the Food License starts from 1 year and the maximum tenure of the license is 5 years.
The Food Standard and Saftey of India (FSSAI) is the legal authority who is responsible for the regulation of food security in India. All the FBOs must get a 14-digit FSSAI registration/license number according to their business activity and turnover and publish it on the food packages to overcome the adulteration in the food products. The FSSAI issues the Central License to all the large FBOs in India. It is the main requirement of the food businesses dealing in manufacturing, storage, distribution, transportation or retailing of food products.
Who Needs FSSAI Central License?
Get your FSSAI Central License
Importance of Central Food License
It is mandatory by the FSSAI department for all large food business operators to obtain a Central FSSAI license to run their business legally in India. There are various reasons for FSSAI obtaining Central License which are as follows:
FSSAI monitors the food license of FBOs on a random basis and takes strict actions over those businesses whose licenses have expired or food businesses that don’t have an FSSAI license.
There is a huge level of consumer trust in the safety and quality of food so it has been more mandatory to continue that trust of the public. So licensing is an important factor, to keep that trust.
To maintain the trust of consumers, FBOs must print a 14-digit FSSAI License number on their food packages.
Central License promotes trade without compromising consumer protection and a larger share.
Central FSSAI License assures that the food products undergo quality checks by reducing the food adulteration and sale of sub-standard products.
Eligibility for Central Food License
The following Food Business Operators are eligible for Central FSSAI License:
FBOs like restaurants, retailers, distributors, and suppliers with an annual turnover of more than ₹20 Crores.
Manufacturing and processing units of vegetable oil by the method of solvent extraction and factories including oil expeller unit, with a capacity of over 2 metric tonnes per day.
Dhaba, club, canteen, and other food vending establishments with branches spread in more than one state and an annual turnover of more than ₹12 Lakhs.
Wholesalers that have an annual turnover of not less than ₹30 Crores.
Hotels with rating 5-star or more.
100 % export oriented units involved in food production or processing.
Every Importer including the import of food ingredients or additives.
Caterers working under Central Government or related agencies such as Railways, Airlines and airport, Seaport, Defence, etc.
Storages with a capacity of more than 50,000 metric tonnes,
Dairy Units (including chilling units), with a capacity to handle or process, over 50,000 liters per day,
A slaughtering capacity of over 50 large animals or more than 150 small animals or more than 1000 poultry birds per day.
Controlled Atmosphere + Cold Storage with the capacity of 1,000 MT or more.
Transporters with more than 100 vehicles. Or turnover of more than ₹30 crores per annum.
All food processing units including re-packers and excluding the grains, pulses & cereals milling units with a capacity of over 2 metric tonnes per day.
All FBOs involved in producing an item of food, additive or its ingredient, using some new process or technology, and/or a combination thereof, whose safety has not been established yet by the FSSAI.
Procedure for obtaining FSSAI Central License
Following are the eligible entities having above stated turnover for applying for state license:
According to the eligibility criteria, you are expected to get a Central FSSAI License then they must fill out the application form B according to the guidelines as prescribed by FSSAI. It must be taken care that every data provided must be correct, appropriate and authentic.
Focus that the general names must be mentioned for the products and not the brand names.
All the products as specified in the license must be certified as per the FSSAI Act, 2006.
At last, you will be questioned for how many years you want to apply for Central License. You have to pick the appropriate period for which you wish to take the license. ( between 1-5 year)
Post-filing the form, the prescribed fees have to pay either by an online portal or by submitting the demand draft at the FSSAI state office.
Your license will be delivered in 25-30 days by post.
Documents Required for FSSAI Central License
NOC & Copy of License from the manufacturer (Mandatory for Relabellers and Repackers).
Food Safety Management System Plan or Certificate (if any).
Source of milk or procurement plan for milk including the location of milk collection centers in case of milk and milk products processing units. (if applicable).
Source of raw material for meat and meat processing plants. (if applicable).
Pesticide protection report of water from a recognized laboratory if manufacturing packaged water.
If applicable a copy of certificate received below the Coop Act – 1861 / Multi-State Coop Act – 2002 in case of Cooperatives.
List and name of machinery and equipment alongside the quantity, installed capacity and horsepower applied. It is compulsory for production and manufacturing units only.
Review report Chemical & Bacteriological of water to be applied as an ingredient in food from a verified or public health laboratory to verify the portability. It’s Necessary for manufacturing and processing units.
Documentary evidence of turnover or self-declaration of a number of vehicles. It’s a compulsory document for Transporters.
Certificate of Food Safety Management System Plan ( FSMSP) if required
How is Central License different from Basic Registration and State License?
FSSAI lays down science-based standards for the food products and it also improves their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import to assure the availability of safe food to 130 crore citizens of the country. As per the FSSAI Licencing system, there are 3 types of FSSAI License Registration i.e. are Basic FSSAI Registration, State and Central FSSAI License. Even after knowing this there is a common confusion among all the FBO’s which License is perfect for our food business?
To simplify your understanding. Look over the table mentioned below.
FSSAI State License is required for all the Food Business Operators who are medium-sized businesses.
FSSAI Central License is required for all the Food Business Operators who are large-sized businesses.
The Basic Registration is for business having an annual turnover of up to ₹12 Lakhs.
The State Food License is for business having an annual turnover between ₹12 Lakhs to ₹20 Crores.
The Central Food License is for business having an annual turnover of more than ₹20 Crores.
The main documentation in to be signed and complete is FORM-A
Completion of FORM-B along with signatures.
FORM-B must be complete with a signature.
Validity of FSSAI Central License
The central FSSAI license is valid for a period ranging from 1-5 years. The food business can opt between this food period for its central license. After that, the license expires and it requires renewal of the license. It all on FBOs that they want to continue or not. But if they are planning to continue there business they require its renewal.
The Renewal of the food license must be applied from either Form A or Form B before 30 days of the expiry of the existing registration. Any FSSAI License Renewal application filed beyond the expiry date will pay a late fee of ₹100 for each delayed day. In the case of expiry of the food license, the Food Business Operator should mandatorily terminate all the business activities at the premises.
FSSAI Central License Renewal
After completing the validity time of registration, there will be a requirement for food license renewal as the registration gets expired. In such case follow the process of FSSAI central license renewal :
Form B details filling completion. Also, a self-attested declaration and a photo identity proof Aadhar card, voter id, driving license, etc.
After filling and submitting the form, the authorities will check and confirm the details followed up with an inspection to ensure the authenticity of the documents and details given.
After completing the investigation, the FSSAI central license will be issued within 30-60 days.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is the Central FSSAI License?
The Central FSSAI License is for the food business operators who have turnover more than ₹20 Crores. The license is issued by the central government of India.
Who can apply for the Central FSSAI License?
FBOs like restaurants, retailers, distributors, and suppliers with an annual turnover of more than ₹20 Crores. Even importer and exporter of food products need FSSAI Central License.
What the process of getting an FSSAI Central License?
The process to obtain a license is : 1) Complete the Form- B 2) Submit all the documents prescribed by our expert team 3) Make sure all the products are certified as per the FSSAI Act, 2006. 4) Application will go for approval 5) After Inspection is done the license will be delivered at your place.
Which documents are required for the Central Licensing of FSSAI?
The documents required are: 1) Form B 2) Address proof 3) Id Proof 4) PAN card 5) Declaration form
Is FSSAI license compulsory for 100% export units?
Yes, In the case of import & export of food products, the FSSAI central license is mandatory.
I am running my food business in more than 2 states then also license is mandatory?
Yes, the central license in mandatory to apply.
Is there a need for the renewal of a central FSSAI license?
Yes, once the FSSAI central license gets expired, immediately the application for renewal is expected to be filed adjacent with the required documents otherwise FBO will have to pay a penalty of ₹100 every day till the time you didn’t get it renewed.
Do hotels and restaurants also require a central fssai license?
Yes, hotels and restaurants do require a central fssai license.
What is the longest time limit of obtaining an FSSAI central license?
The maximum time set of getting FSSAI central license is 20 to 25 working days.