BIS FMCS BATTERIES: OVERVIEW

Updated on September 14, 2023 06:09:26 PM

BIS is an abbreviation of the Bureau of Indian Standards. It is a national standard body of India that is accountable for quality service, securing public health, protection of national security, etc. FMCS is a subdivision of BIS schemes. Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme states that the organizations manufacturing products, in this case, batteries, outside India will require FMCS certification to begin their trade within India.

BIS FMCS has a set of standards according to the needs of Indian Markets, which needs to be fulfilled by the manufacturer to sell batteries within India i.e. the batteries must meet certain safety, quality, and reliability conditions of BIS. After the approval of BIS, manufacturers can use ISI Mark on their products for customer confidence.

BIS FMCS Sample

BIS Registration certificate Sample
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Type of Batteries for BIS FMCS

Following are the types of batteries which are included for FMCS certification:

  • Multipurpose Dry Batteries
  • Sealed Secondary Portable Lithium System Batteries
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What are Multipurpose Dry Batteries?

A battery is made up of one or more than one cell that converts stored chemical energy into electrical energy. Multipurpose dry batteries are cells that consist of electrolytes in the form of a paste with minimal moisture allowing the current to pass through. These are such portable devices that can be operated without the fear of leakage, unlike wet cells.

Multipurpose dry batteries are compartmentalized into High Power/Standard Categories and R03, R14, R16, and R20 classifications according to the designations. R6 dry batteries are used for hearing aids and flashlight purposes, while the R14 AND R20 dry batteries are used in tape recorders and radio receivers.

The manufacturers of Multipurpose Dry Batteries make sure that their product(battery) is meeting the BIS Standards of quality, safety, and reliability.

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What are Sealed Secondary Portable Lithium System Batteries?

Sealed Secondary Portable Lithium System Batteries are rechargeable in nature, and consist of Lithium as a significant material. Similar to Multipurpose Dry batteries, such kinds of batteries as its name suggests are sealed batteries. It means that these batteries prevent any leakage of gasses and liquids which can be harmful to others. These are quite portable and can be used on laptops, cell phones, and tablets.

Sealed Secondary Portable Lithium System Batteries are rechargeable, contain a long life-cycle, and consist of sufficient energy in the compact space. Though it has several benefits, it has some disadvantages too. These batteries are expensive, sensitive to heat, and contain hazardous materials.

IS 16046 is the standard number given to the Sealed Secondary Portable Lithium System Batteries. These IS Standards are divided into 2 parts:

Part 1:This includes the safety standards of Nickel Batteries.

Part 2:This includes safety standards of Lithium Batteries.

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Necessary Tests of Batteries for BIS FMCS

Certain tests are needed to validate the conformity of batteries’ standards to BIS FMCS Standards. The following are the tests that are needed to reach a conclusion:

Leakage Test: The manufacturer willing to import or sell batteries within India must ensure to check the leakage issues of the batteries. This test is conducted to ensure the batteries are safe. The batteries contain hazardous materials which if spilled can be harmful to the environment and human beings as well. This test is conducted in a sealed container with the battery inside it to test the leaks. If the battery does not leak the manufacturer is likely to receive the certificate, whereas if it does leak, the certification process does not progress further. This process can take up to several days.

Initial Life Test: This test is conducted to assess the safety, efficiency, and reliability of the battery to prevent any mishappening occurring in the future. Under this, the concerned authorities assess the initial performance of the battery. This stage assists in understanding the failures or defects of the battery in the initial stage. It takes a few months for the respective evaluation. The results of the evaluation will decide whether any other changes are needed in the manufacturing of the battery.

Delayed Life Test: This test is conducted to assess the safety, reliability, and efficiency of the battery. Under this, the concerned authorities assess the longevity of the battery. This is conducted to assess how its performance will be affected over the years. Batteries are subjected to stress conditions such as high temperature or humidity to evaluate the performance and reliability of the battery. Keeping the battery in extreme conditions states the overall health of the battery over time. The results of the evaluation will help in making the necessary changes.

Dimensions Testing: This test is conducted to ensure that the batteries are of the correct size and shape. This assesses whether the batteries are of the required sizes according to the device the batteries shall fit in. The measurements of the battery are determined by its length, width, and height. If the measurements aren’t according to the BIS FMCS standards, the license is not provided to the manufacturer. The type, capacity, and design of the battery are some of the factors that affect its dimensions.

Battery Terminals Testing: This test is conducted to assess the positive and negative terminals and proper connections of the battery. External components that consume power from or supply power to a battery can be attached to the terminals of a battery, such as electrical circuits, appliances, or charging equipment. Testing of terminals ensures proper electrical connection and prevents fires and corrosion of batteries. The battery is tested through a multimeter to assess its safety and efficiency parameters.

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Advantages of BIS FMCS for Batteries

  1. BIS FMCS scheme is responsible for assuring the safety and reliability of the batteries, thus ensuring any accident or short circuits or any other manufacturing defect that can be harmful is taken care of.
  2. This scheme undergoes thorough testing of the batteries thus providing quality assurance to the customers.
  3. It works as an asset for manufacturing firms as it assists in attracting the public in abundance.
  4. It allows manufacturing firms to use the ISI Mark on the batteries after approval of BIS authorities to begin their trade within India.
  5. It becomes an asset to the organization as it helps in gaining customers’ confidence in the firm.
  6. It assists in converting the public into buyers, which boosts the sales of the firm.
  7. It makes sure that the batteries are durable and long-lasting which assists in reducing any maintenance cost.
  8. BIS FMCS lets manufacturing firms trade within India while having their manufacturing units outside India.
  9. BIS FMCS assists the manufacturing firm to stand out amongst the competitors in the market.
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BIS FMCS Process for Batteries

Documentation & Compliance: The first step to attain a BIS FMCS certification is to prepare all the required documents i.e. manufacturing process, quality control parameters, manufacturing equipment, raw materials used, etc. Along with that, the manufacturer also has to make sure that the batteries comply with the relevant Indian Standards i.e. quality, safety, reliability, and efficiency.

Application Form: The manufacturer who is willing to attain the certification has to submit an application form to the authorities consisting of all the required details. The manufacturer has to make sure that the details filled in are complete and correct. A signed hard copy of the documents shall be submitted to the FMCD department in Delhi. Along with this, the manufacturers can apply online at the BIS portal.

Issue Raised (if any): If the manufacturer has filled in missing or incomplete information in the submitted application form, an email is sent to the firm informing them about the issue raised by the BIS FMCS authorities. If the application is complete and correct, the firm’s application is registered for certification.

Registration Fee: The manufacturer has to pay the required amount to register their firm as BIS FMCS certified.

Appointment of AIR: AIR means Authorized Indian Representative. The manufacturer appoints an AIR to deal with the BIS FMCS authorities in India. The AIR must have full knowledge about the BIS FMCS standards, government rules and regulations, and essentially about the batteries to represent the firm to BIS authorities.

Inspection: The International manufacturers willing to trade in India manufacture batteries at factories located outside India. The manufacturer has to pay the required fee for the inspection after which BIS FMCS authorities visit the factory to examine the manufacturing process, quality control procedures, machinery, raw materials used, etc.

Sample Testing: The BIS FMCs authority collects the sample battery to assess its compliance with the BIS standards. The authorities verify the quality, efficiency, safety, dimensions, leakage, the occurrence of short circuits, performance in different temperatures, vibration, drop testing, cycle testing, and self-discharge testing. If the reports of the analysis state certain manufacturing defects, the firm will make necessary changes. If the reports are positive, the certification process progresses.

Certification: Lastly, the manufacturer has to pay the license fee. After the successful compliance of standards, the license is granted to the battery manufacturer.

Indemnity Bond & PBG: FMCS authority signs an indemnity bond along with the manufacturing firm. A bank guarantee in the amount of USD 10,000 must be provided to BIS by the manufacturing company.

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Documents Required for BIS FMCS for Batteries

  • Business License
  • Applicant Details
  • Factory Location
  • Layout of Factory
  • Schematic Drawing of batteries
  • Composition of Batteries
  • SSI/MSME Certificate
  • Manufacturing process information
  • Machinery details
  • Outsource Manufacturing information
  • Testing facilities details
  • Test Report
  • Authorization Letter
  • AIR details
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Validity of BIS FMCS for batteries

The Initial Validity of the BIS FMCS is for 2 years. After which, the manufacturer has to renew their license to continue selling batteries within India. The firm has to pay a renewal fee to renew the license. The Renewal License is valid for a minimum of 1 year to a maximum of 5 years. If the firm applies for the renewal license after the expiry date, it will have to pay the late fee of Rs 5000.

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Fee of BIS FMCS for Batteries

Particulars Fees
✅ Lab Test ₹25,000 + GST
✅Application Fee ₹53,000 + GST
✅Professional Fee ₹10,000 + GST
✅Validity of FMCS Registration 2 years
✅Renewal Fee Same as application fee, additional our professional fee for renewal is ₹ 7,500/- Only

Note : It typically takes 2-3 months to obtain FMCS Certification from the BIS licensing authority.

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Conclusion

Foreign Manufacturer’s Certification Scheme (FMCS) is a scheme designed by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) for international manufacturers to trade within India without setting up a factory within the country. FMCS authority's safety, performance, and reliability of the batteries to issue the certificate. Mentioned standards are checked to ensure no accidents occur in the future. Thus securing the public and the environment. BIS FMCS on batteries is also a profit for the manufacturers as it boosts their sales, gains recognition, and distinguishes them from their competitors.

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Frequently Asked Questions

All batteries are considered for FMCS certification?

Multipurpose Dry Batteries and Sealed Secondary Portable Lithium System Batteries are considered for FMCS certification.

What is one benefit of Sealed Batteries?

Sealed batteries do not spill which makes it a portable tool.

Are these batteries Rechargeable?

Overheating, non-durable, short circuits, low power, leakage issues, and many other hazardous reasons.

What are the disadvantages of low-quality batteries?

Overheating, non-durable, short circuits, low power, leakage issues, and many other hazardous reasons.

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