Non-Banking Financial Company (Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) Registration| Procedure | Cost | Fees | Online in India | Professional Utilities
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Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC)
Registration


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NBFC Registration

NBFCs or Non-Banking Financial Company are registered under the Companies Act 1956/Companies Act 2013. Though these do not possess a banking license, yet are involved in various financial services. Some of the services include:

  • Loan and credit facilities
  • Asset Financing
  • Acquisition of shares/stocks/bonds
  • Hire-purchase
  • Insurance business
  • Chit business
  • Currency exchange
  • Peer to peer lending
  • Hedge funds

What is not included under NBFCs?

And if the company is engaged in other activities, then it is not registered as an NBFC. Some of the activities are:

  • Agriculture activity
  • Industrial activity
  • Purchase/sale of any goods
  • Providing any services and sale/purchase/construction of the immovable property

Classification of NBFC


The classification based on authorization to take deposits:
The classification based on their activities:

  Asset Finance Company (AFC):

If the primary business of the company is to finance the assets of a firm, such as machines, automobiles, generators, material equipment, industrial machines, etc. it is called Asset Finance Company.

  Investment Company (IC):

  Loan Companies (LC):

The main business for these companies is to grant loans and advances. These loans are not for asset acquisition, but other purposes, such as working capital finance, etc.

  Infrastructure Finance Company (IFC):

The companies falling under this category owns at least Rs.300 Crore and deploys 75% of its total assets in infrastructure loans. It must also have credit rating A or above and CRAR of 15%.

  Systematically Important Core Investment Company:

  Infrastructure Debt Fund (IDF-NBFC):

  Mutual benefit financial company:

  Micro Finance Institution (NBFC-MFI):

  Housing Finance Company

  Core Investment Company


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Regulations of NBFC


Company Type Regulators
NBFCs registered with RBI Regulation, supervision, surveillance and enforcement under RBI
NBFC regulated by other regulators Depends on the type of institution
Housing Finance Institutions National Housing Bank
Merchant Banking Company/Venture Capital Fund Company/Stock Broking/Collective Investment Schemes (CIS) Securities Exchange Board of India
Nidhi Companies and Mutual Benefit Companies Ministry of Corporate Affairs
Chit Fund Companies State Government
Insurance Companies Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority
Non-Banking Non-Finance Companies Regulation, supervision, surveillance and enforcement under the Companies Act 1956.

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Pre-requirements of NBFC


For a company to be considered an NBFC, it should be registered as per the rules, regulations, and provisions mentioned in the Companies Act 2013 of the Companies Act 1956.

The minimum owned fund for this should be Rs.2 crore and this shouldn’t be borrowed fund. (This limit is different in other cases like that of specialized NBFCs like NBFC-MFIs, NBFC Factors, CICs, as it is decided on the kind of NBFC). Any gift from spouse comes under owned-funds.

At least 1/3rd of the directors must have some experience in finance.

Also, there must be a detailed plan for the next 5 years.

NBFCs as sponsors of IDF-MF

For a company to be considered as IDF-MF, the minimum owned fund should be at least Rs.3 crore, CRAR of 15% and NPA not more than 3% of the net advances. Along with this, the company should be operational for the last 5 years and profitable in the last 3 years.


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Fee of registration


The government charges Rs.3,50,000 approx. And adding this to the professional fee could bring the total amount to Rs.15 lakh. But, if you use our services, it would cost you Rs.6,00,000 + Government fee for the registration.



Documents Required


Significant documents required for NBFC Registration in India are as follows:

  • Documents related to the administration and management of the company
  • Company Incorporation Certificate
  • The Memorandum of Association and the Articles of Association of the applicant-company or firm
  • Documents describing the location of the company
  • Detailed information about Directors or Partners of the Company
  • Accounts of the company well-audited for last three consecutive years
  • Board Resolution in favor of NBFC formation
  • Should have a bank Account with a minimum paid up equity share capital of INR-2 Crore
  • Income tax PAN, etc.

Advantages


  • NBFCs can provide loan and credit facilities to its clients
  • These companies can also trade in money market instruments.
  • The NBFCs can also take part in wealth management such as managing a portfolio of stocks and shares.
  • These companies become the last resort for many other businesses as these are pumping huge amounts of money in country-wide projects.
  • The functioning of these companies is much faster than banks.
  • Due to the use of technological advancements, you don’t have to depend on bank branches.
  • Due to its digitization, the reach of the NBFCs has broadened and it can reach a wider audience within seconds.
  • Investments in property with NBFCs are profitable due to its flexible rates, easy repayment, acceptable property collaterals with quick and easy processing.
  • Most of the NBFCs have formed partnerships with the government and used their database and identify customer worthiness before granting loans. This would reduce the risks and maximize profits.

Role of NBFCs


NBFCs can lend both secured and unsecured loans based on their alternative lending models. These companies play a significant role in the financial services of the economy and have gone considerable changes in recent years. And after adopting high-end tech-based business models, the roles offered by them are:

  • NBFCs create a favorable balance in the financial needs of the country as most of the applications are rejected by the traditional banks.
  • These companies use alternative credit scoring model to assess the potential client and after this process the loans.
  • Most of the Indian Fin-tech companies have been using the NBFC model to offer financial services.

Frequently Asked Questions


  1: What is NBFC registration?

NBFC registration is the service we provide for you to register a Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC). The companies under this list deals in providing financial services only. Like providing loan or credit to other institutions.

  2: How to get NBFC registered?

  3: What is the cost incurred to get NBFC registration?

We charge Rs.6,00,000 + Government fees for it.

  4: What are the steps involved in NBFC registration?

– An online application is to be made in the prescribed format with information regarding the demanded documents and enclosures, which generates a Company Application Reference Number.
– A hard copy of the above-mentioned application along with demanded documents and enclosures to the concerned Regional Office of the RBI.
– After the verification and approval of the submitted application and documents, the regional office sends the application to the Central Office of RBI, which goes through crucial examination to grant the Certificate.
-If the terms and conditions under section 45-IA of the RBI Act, 1943 are fully satisfied the Certificate will be granted.

 

  5: What are the documents required to get NBFC registration?

The list of documents required for NBFC registration in India is given below: 

– Documents related to the administration and management of the company
– Company Incorporation Certificate
– The MoA and the AoA of the applicant-company or firm
– Documents describing the location of the company
– Detailed information about Directors or Partners of the Company
– Accounts of the company well-audited for last three consecutive years
– Board Resolution in favor of NBFC formation
– Bank Account with a minimum paid-up equity share capital of INR-2 Crore
– Income tax PAN, etc.

  6: How many types of NBFCs are there?

There are multiple types of NBFCs and these are: 

• Asset Finance Company
• Investment Company
• Loan Company
• Infrastructure Finance Company
• Micro-Finance Company
• Core Investment Company

 

  7: What are the source of funds for the NBFCs?

NBFCs can raise their funds different sources given below: 

Through financial institutions like banks, insurance companies, public deposits (only for NBFCs holding license to accept deposits from RBI).

Through the issue of debentures, commercial papers and other inter-corporate loans.

 

  8: What are the penalties for deposit-taking without an authorization?

In case any NBFC is found accepting deposits without authorization, then it would be considered as a criminal act. And so, these companies are persecuted under criminal law or the Protection of Interest of Depositors Act, if passed by the State Governments.

 

  9: Is it mandatory to register an NBFC with the RBI?

Yes it is mandatory to register it with the RBI, if your company wishes to carry lending/investment business, then it is necessary to get it registered.

 

  10: Can existing businesses apply for NBFC License?

Of course you can. But your company has to give up the local lending license after the grant of NBFC license.

  11: Is it possible to take a loan to meet the Rs.2 crore requirement?

No, the whole capital must be owned and tax paid. Any gift from a spouse will come under owned-capital and not borrowed.

  12: Is it mandatory to get NBFC software before getting the license?

No it’s not mandatory. Your company can either develop a software or source NBFC software after RBI approves your application.

  13: Is it possible to use this Rs.2 crore initial fixed deposit after the grant of the license?

Yes, it is legal to use the initial amount just after the receipt of the RBI’s approval.

  14: Is it necessary to have some financial experience to get this license?

Yes it is mandatory. If there is no financial experience, then you can hire professionals who do have some experience.

  15: Is it necessary to hire an NBFC consultant or should it be filed by self?

No, it’s not necessary to hire a consultant to carry out this process. But the whole process takes about 4 months to be through and for this, you must have some domain experience for ease of the process. So, for this, we advise you to avail of our expert services provided by our portal at LegalRaasta.

 

  16: What regulations are applicable to NBFCs?

The following are the prudential norms: 

– Non-Banking Financial (Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies -Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2007
– Non-Systemically Important Non-Banking Financial (Non-Deposit Accepting or Holding)
– Companies Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2015; and
– Systemically Important Non-Banking Financial (Non-Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2015.

 

  17: Which NBFCs are eligible to hold public deposits?

Every NBFC is not authorized to accept public deposits. Any NBFC needs to hold a valid certificate that validates their registration and authorizes them to accept and hold public deposits.

 

  18: Does NBFC has to maintain SLR (Statutory Liquidity Ratio) and CRR (Cash Reserve Ratio)?

No, any NBFC needn’t maintain SLR and CRR.

  19: Why do we need NBFCs?

With the increase in demand for credit, loans, and other financial services, our economy depends on NBFCs.